External Anatomy of Birds
See brief lecture on Feathers for information on types of feathers and feather structure.
To properly identify birds you have to know some basic anatomy of the outside of a bird. There are many more terms than those listed here. Some are appropriate for one bird and not another, such as crest, eyering, and wingbars - some birds have these characters and some don't. Most field guides provide a diagram as see here for reference.

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